文章23
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分类12

【笔记】C#获取当前主机硬件信息

using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.Linq;  
using System.Text;  
using System.Threading.Tasks;  
using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.Linq;  
using System.Text;  
using System.Threading.Tasks;  
  
  
using System.Net;  
using System.Management;  //在项目-》添加引用....里面引用System.Management  
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;  
  
  
namespace FileSplit  
{  
    //此类用于获取当前主机的相关信息  
    public class MachineInfo  
    {  
        //用法示例  
        private string example()  
        {  
            string Info = "";  
            MachineInfo info = MachineInfo.I();       //获取主机的对象信息  
  
  
            Info = "\r\n主机名:" + Dns.GetHostName(); //获取主机名称  
            Info += "\r\n系统类型:" + info.GetSystemType();  
            Info += "\r\n物理内存:" + info.GetPhysicalMemory();  
  
  
            Info += "\r\n\r\n本地IP:";  
            string[] LocalIp = info.GetLocalIpAddress();  
            foreach (string ip in LocalIp) Info += "\r\n" + ip;  
  
  
            Info += "\r\n\r\n外网IP:";  
            string[] ExternalIp = info.GetExtenalIpAddress();  
            foreach (string ip in ExternalIp) Info += "\r\n" + ip;  
  
  
            Info += "\r\n\r\nMAC:";  
            Info += "\r\n" + info.GetNetCardMACAddress();  
            //Info += "\r\n" + info.GetMacAddress(LocalIp[0]);   
  
  
            Info += "\r\n";  
            Info += "\r\nCPU序列号:" + info.GetCPUSerialNumber();  
            //Info += "\r\nCPU编号:" + info.GetCPUID();  
            //Info += "\r\nCPU版本信息:" + info.GetCPUVersion();  
            //Info += "\r\nCPU名称信息:" + info.GetCPUName();  
            //Info += "\r\nCPU制造厂商:" + info.GetCPUManufacturer();  
            //Info += "\r\n主板制造厂商:" + info.GetBoardManufacturer();  
  
  
            //Info += "\r\n主板序列号:" + info.GetBIOSSerialNumber();  
            //Info += "\r\n硬盘序列号:" + info.GetHardDiskSerialNumber();  
            //Info += "\r\n显卡PNPDeviceID:\r\n" + info.GetVideoPNPID();  
            //Info += "\r\n声卡PNPDeviceID:\r\n" + info.GetSoundPNPID();  
  
  
            return Info;  
        }  
  
  
  
  
        static MachineInfo Instance;  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取当前类对象的一个实例  
        /// </summary>  
        public static MachineInfo I()  
        {  
            if (Instance == null) Instance = new MachineInfo();  
            return Instance;  
        }  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取本地ip地址,多个ip  
        /// </summary>  
        public String[] GetLocalIpAddress()  
        {  
            string hostName = Dns.GetHostName();                    //获取主机名称  
            IPAddress[] addresses = Dns.GetHostAddresses(hostName); //解析主机IP地址  
  
  
            string[] IP = new string[addresses.Length];             //转换为字符串形式  
            for (int i = 0; i < addresses.Length; i++) IP[i] = addresses[i].ToString();  
  
  
            return IP;  
        }  
      
      
      
      
        //从网站"http://1111.ip138.com/ic.asp",获取本机外网ip地址信息串  
        //"<html>\r\n<head>\r\n<meta http-equiv=\"content-type\" content=\"text/html;charset=gb2312\">\r\n<title>   
        //您的IP地址 </title>\r\n</head>\r\n<body style=\"margin:0px\"><center>您的IP是:[218.104.71.178] 来自:安徽省合肥市 联通</center></body></html>"  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取外网ip地址  
        /// </summary>  
        public string[] GetExtenalIpAddress()  
        {  
            string[] IP = new string[] { "未获取到外网ip", "" };  
  
  
            string address = "http://1111.ip138.com/ic.asp";  
            string str = GetWebStr(address);  
  
  
            try  
            {  
                //提取外网ip数据 [218.104.71.178]  
                int i1 = str.IndexOf("[") + 1, i2 = str.IndexOf("]");  
                IP[0] = str.Substring(i1, i2 - i1);  
  
  
                //提取网址说明信息 "来自:安徽省合肥市 联通"  
                i1 = i2 + 2; i2 = str.IndexOf("<", i1);  
                IP[1] = str.Substring(i1, i2 - i1);  
            }  
            catch (Exception) { }  
  
  
            return IP;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取网址address的返回的文本串数据  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetWebStr(string address)  
        {  
            string str = "";  
            try  
            {  
                //从网址中获取本机ip数据  
                System.Net.WebClient client = new System.Net.WebClient();  
                client.Encoding = System.Text.Encoding.Default;  
                str = client.DownloadString(address);  
                client.Dispose();  
            }  
            catch (Exception) { }  
  
  
            return str;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取本机的MAC;  //在项目-》添加引用....里面引用System.Management  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetLocalMac()  
        {  
            string mac = null;  
            ManagementObjectSearcher query = new ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * FROM Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");  
            ManagementObjectCollection queryCollection = query.Get();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in queryCollection)  
            {  
                if (mo["IPEnabled"].ToString() == "True")  
                    mac = mo["MacAddress"].ToString();  
            }  
            return (mac);  
        }  
  
  
        //只能获取同网段的远程主机MAC地址. 因为在标准网络协议下,ARP包是不能跨网段传输的,故想通过ARP协议是无法查询跨网段设备MAC地址的。  
        [DllImport("Iphlpapi.dll")]  
        private static extern int SendARP(Int32 dest, Int32 host, ref Int64 mac, ref Int32 length);  
        [DllImport("Ws2_32.dll")]  
        private static extern Int32 inet_addr(string ip);  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取ip对应的MAC地址  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetMacAddress(string ip)  
        {  
            Int32 ldest = inet_addr(ip);            //目的ip   
            Int32 lhost = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");   //本地ip   
  
  
            try  
            {  
                Int64 macinfo = new Int64();  
                Int32 len = 6;  
                int res = SendARP(ldest, 0, ref macinfo, ref len);  //使用系统API接口发送ARP请求,解析ip对应的Mac地址  
                return Convert.ToString(macinfo, 16);  
            }  
            catch (Exception err)  
            {  
                Console.WriteLine("Error:{0}", err.Message);  
            }  
            return "获取Mac地址失败";  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取主板序列号  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <returns></returns>  
        public string GetBIOSSerialNumber()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * From Win32_BIOS");  
                string sBIOSSerialNumber = "";  
                foreach (ManagementObject mo in searcher.Get())  
                {  
                    sBIOSSerialNumber = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString().Trim();  
                }  
                return sBIOSSerialNumber;  
            }  
            catch  
            {  
                return "";  
            }  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取CPU序列号  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <returns></returns>  
        public string GetCPUSerialNumber()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * From Win32_Processor");  
                string sCPUSerialNumber = "";  
                foreach (ManagementObject mo in searcher.Get())  
                {  
                    sCPUSerialNumber = mo["ProcessorId"].ToString().Trim();  
                }  
                 return sCPUSerialNumber;  
            }  
            catch  
            {  
                return "";  
            }  
        }  
        //获取硬盘序列号  
        public string GetHardDiskSerialNumber()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * FROM Win32_PhysicalMedia");  
                string sHardDiskSerialNumber = "";  
                foreach (ManagementObject mo in searcher.Get())  
                {  
                    sHardDiskSerialNumber = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString().Trim();  
                    break;  
                }  
                return sHardDiskSerialNumber;  
            }  
            catch  
            {  
                return "";  
            }  
        }  
  
  
        //获取网卡地址  
        public string GetNetCardMACAddress()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("SELECT * FROM Win32_NetworkAdapter WHERE ((MACAddress Is Not NULL) AND (Manufacturer <> 'Microsoft'))");  
                string NetCardMACAddress = "";  
                foreach (ManagementObject mo in searcher.Get())  
                {  
                    NetCardMACAddress = mo["MACAddress"].ToString().Trim();  
                }  
                return NetCardMACAddress;  
            }  
            catch  
            {  
                return "";  
            }  
       }  
  
  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获得CPU编号  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetCPUID()  
        {  
            string cpuid = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_Processor");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                cpuid = mo.Properties["ProcessorId"].Value.ToString();  
            }  
            return cpuid;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取硬盘序列号  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetDiskSerialNumber()  
        {  
            //这种模式在插入一个U盘后可能会有不同的结果,如插入我的手机时  
            String HDid = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_DiskDrive");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                HDid = (string)mo.Properties["Model"].Value;//SerialNumber  
                break;//这名话解决有多个物理盘时产生的问题,只取第一个物理硬盘  
            }  
            return HDid;  
  
  
            /*ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_PhysicalMedia"); 
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances(); 
            string str = ""; 
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc) 
            { 
                str = mo.Properties["SerialNumber"].Value.ToString(); 
                break; 
            } 
            return str;*/  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取网卡硬件地址  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetMacAddress()  
        {  
            string mac = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                if ((bool)mo["IPEnabled"] == true)  
                {  
                    mac = mo["MacAddress"].ToString();  
                    break;  
                }  
            }  
            return mac;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取IP地址  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetIPAddress()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                if ((bool)mo["IPEnabled"] == true)  
                {  
                    //st=mo["IpAddress"].ToString();   
                    System.Array ar;  
                    ar = (System.Array)(mo.Properties["IpAddress"].Value);  
                    st = ar.GetValue(0).ToString();  
                    break;  
                }  
            }  
            return st;  
        }      
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 操作系统的登录用户名  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetUserName()  
        {  
            return Environment.UserName;  
        }  
  
  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 获取计算机名  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetComputerName()  
        {  
            return Environment.MachineName;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 操作系统类型  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetSystemType()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_ComputerSystem");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                st = mo["SystemType"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 物理内存  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetPhysicalMemory()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementClass mc = new ManagementClass("Win32_ComputerSystem");  
            ManagementObjectCollection moc = mc.GetInstances();  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in moc)  
            {  
                st = mo["TotalPhysicalMemory"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 显卡PNPDeviceID  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetVideoPNPID()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_VideoController");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["PNPDeviceID"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 声卡PNPDeviceID  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetSoundPNPID()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_SoundDevice");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["PNPDeviceID"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// CPU版本信息  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetCPUVersion()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Processor");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["Version"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// CPU名称信息  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetCPUName()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher driveID = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Processor");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in driveID.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["Name"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// CPU制造厂商  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetCPUManufacturer()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_Processor");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["Manufacturer"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 主板制造厂商  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetBoardManufacturer()  
        {  
            SelectQuery query = new SelectQuery("Select * from Win32_BaseBoard");  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher(query);  
            ManagementObjectCollection.ManagementObjectEnumerator data = mos.Get().GetEnumerator();  
            data.MoveNext();  
            ManagementBaseObject board = data.Current;  
            return board.GetPropertyValue("Manufacturer").ToString();  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 主板编号  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetBoardID()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_BaseBoard");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["SerialNumber"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
  
  
        /// <summary>  
        /// 主板型号  
        /// </summary>  
        public string GetBoardType()  
        {  
            string st = "";  
            ManagementObjectSearcher mos = new ManagementObjectSearcher("Select * from Win32_BaseBoard");  
            foreach (ManagementObject mo in mos.Get())  
            {  
                st = mo["Product"].ToString();  
            }  
            return st;  
        }  
    }  
}  
  

在很多情况下,你可能都需要得到微机的硬件信息。比如:你想给你的软件加锁,不让别人随便访问。

最有效的办法是获取CPU的序列号,然后让你的软件只能运行在有这样的CPU序列号的机器上。众所周知,CPU序列号是唯一的!因此,这样就可以为你的软件加锁了。

另外一个需要硬盘信息的例子是:硬盘有几个分区,每个分区各有多少剩余空间。当你正在做一个多媒体应用程序的时候,你可能也需要获得有关声卡、显卡的硬件信息。

本应用程序另一个精彩的应用是:获取有关系统内存的信息,如内存地址,内存设备等等。

首先,你必须知道这个应用程序的功能是使用System.Management这个类得到的。因此,你需要加上下面的这句话:

using System.Management;

为了获取硬件信息,你还需要创建一个ManagementObjectSearcher 对象。

ManagementObjectSearcher searcher = new ManagementObjectSearcher("select * from " + Key);

// 硬件  
Win32_Processor,         // CPU 处理器  
Win32_PhysicalMemory, // 物理内存条  
Win32_Keyboard, // 键盘  
Win32_PointingDevice, // 点输入设备,包括鼠标。  
Win32_FloppyDrive, // 软盘驱动器  
Win32_DiskDrive, // 硬盘驱动器  
Win32_CDROMDrive, // 光盘驱动器  
Win32_BaseBoard, // 主板  
Win32_BIOS, // BIOS 芯片  
Win32_ParallelPort, // 并口  
Win32_SerialPort, // 串口  
Win32_SerialPortConfiguration, // 串口配置  
Win32_SoundDevice, // 多媒体设置,一般指声卡。  
Win32_SystemSlot, // 主板插槽 (ISA & PCI & AGP)  
Win32_USBController, // USB 控制器  
Win32_NetworkAdapter, // 网络适配器  
Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration, // 网络适配器设置  
Win32_Printer, // 打印机  
Win32_PrinterConfiguration, // 打印机设置  
Win32_PrintJob, // 打印机任务  
Win32_TCPIPPrinterPort, // 打印机端口  
Win32_POTSModem, // MODEM  
Win32_POTSModemToSerialPort, // MODEM 端口  
Win32_DesktopMonitor, // 显示器  
Win32_DisplayConfiguration, // 显卡  
Win32_DisplayControllerConfiguration, // 显卡设置  
Win32_VideoController, // 显卡细节。  
Win32_VideoSettings, // 显卡支持的显示模式。  
 
 
// 操作系统  
Win32_TimeZone, // 时区  
Win32_SystemDriver, // 驱动程序  
Win32_DiskPartition, // 磁盘分区  
Win32_LogicalDisk, // 逻辑磁盘  
Win32_LogicalDiskToPartition, // 逻辑磁盘所在分区及始末位置。  
Win32_LogicalMemoryConfiguration, // 逻辑内存配置  
Win32_PageFile, // 系统页文件信息  
Win32_PageFileSetting, // 页文件设置  
Win32_BootConfiguration, // 系统启动配置  
Win32_ComputerSystem, // 计算机信息简要  
Win32_OperatingSystem, // 操作系统信息  
Win32_StartupCommand, // 系统自动启动程序  
Win32_Service, // 系统安装的服务  
Win32_Group, // 系统管理组  
Win32_GroupUser, // 系统组帐号  
Win32_UserAccount, // 用户帐号  
Win32_Process, // 系统进程  
Win32_Thread, // 系统线程  
Win32_Share, // 共享  
Win32_NetworkClient, // 已安装的网络客户端  
Win32_NetworkProtocol, // 已安装的网络协议  
 

上面代码的Key是一个将被对应正确的数据填入的值。例如,获取CPU的信息,就需要把Key值设成Win32_Processor。所有Key可能的值,列举如下:

Win32_1394Controller 
Win32_1394ControllerDevice 
Win32_Account 
Win32_AccountSID 
Win32_ACE 
Win32_ActionCheck 
Win32_AllocatedResource 
Win32_ApplicationCommandLine 
Win32_ApplicationService 
Win32_AssociatedBattery 
Win32_AssociatedProcessorMemory 
Win32_BaseBoard 
Win32_BaseService 
Win32_Battery 
Win32_Binary 
Win32_BindImageAction 
Win32_BIOS 
Win32_BootConfiguration 
Win32_Bus 
Win32_CacheMemory 
Win32_CDROMDrive 
Win32_CheckCheck 
Win32_CIMLogicalDeviceCIMDataFile 
Win32_ClassicCOMApplicationClasses 
Win32_ClassicCOMClass 
Win32_ClassicCOMClassSetting 
Win32_ClassicCOMClassSettings 
Win32_ClassInfoAction 
Win32_ClientApplicationSetting 
Win32_CodecFile 
Win32_COMApplication 
Win32_COMApplicationClasses 
Win32_COMApplicationSettings 
Win32_COMClass 
Win32_ComClassAutoEmulator 
Win32_ComClassEmulator 
Win32_CommandLineAccess 
Win32_ComponentCategory 
Win32_ComputerSystem 
Win32_ComputerSystemProcessor 
Win32_ComputerSystemProduct 
Win32_COMSetting 
Win32_Condition 
Win32_CreateFolderAction 
Win32_CurrentProbe 
Win32_DCOMApplication 
Win32_DCOMApplicationAccessAllowedSetting 
Win32_DCOMApplicationLaunchAllowedSetting 
Win32_DCOMApplicationSetting 
Win32_DependentService 
Win32_Desktop 
Win32_DesktopMonitor 
Win32_DeviceBus 
Win32_DeviceMemoryAddress 
Win32_DeviceSettings 
Win32_Directory 
Win32_DirectorySpecification 
Win32_DiskDrive 
Win32_DiskDriveToDiskPartition 
Win32_DiskPartition 
Win32_DisplayConfiguration 
Win32_DisplayControllerConfiguration 
Win32_DMAChannel 
Win32_DriverVXD 
Win32_DuplicateFileAction 
Win32_Environment 
Win32_EnvironmentSpecification 
Win32_ExtensionInfoAction 
Win32_Fan 
Win32_FileSpecification 
Win32_FloppyController 
Win32_FloppyDrive 
Win32_FontInfoAction 
Win32_Group 
Win32_GroupUser 
Win32_HeatPipe 
Win32_IDEController 
Win32_IDEControllerDevice 
Win32_ImplementedCategory 
Win32_InfraredDevice 
Win32_IniFileSpecification 
Win32_InstalledSoftwareElement 
Win32_IRQResource 
Win32_Keyboard 
Win32_LaunchCondition 
Win32_LoadOrderGroup 
Win32_LoadOrderGroupServiceDependencies 
Win32_LoadOrderGroupServiceMembers 
Win32_LogicalDisk 
Win32_LogicalDiskRootDirectory 
Win32_LogicalDiskToPartition 
Win32_LogicalFileAccess 
Win32_LogicalFileAuditing 
Win32_LogicalFileGroup 
Win32_LogicalFileOwner 
Win32_LogicalFileSecuritySetting 
Win32_LogicalMemoryConfiguration 
Win32_LogicalProgramGroup 
Win32_LogicalProgramGroupDirectory 
Win32_LogicalProgramGroupItem 
Win32_LogicalProgramGroupItemDataFile 
Win32_LogicalShareAccess 
Win32_LogicalShareAuditing 
Win32_LogicalShareSecuritySetting 
Win32_ManagedSystemElementResource 
Win32_MemoryArray 
Win32_MemoryArrayLocation 
Win32_MemoryDevice 
Win32_MemoryDeviceArray 
Win32_MemoryDeviceLocation 
Win32_MethodParameterClass 
Win32_MIMEInfoAction 
Win32_MotherboardDevice 
Win32_MoveFileAction 
Win32_MSIResource 
Win32_networkAdapter 
Win32_networkAdapterConfiguration 
Win32_networkAdapterSetting 
Win32_networkClient 
Win32_networkConnection 
Win32_networkLoginProfile 
Win32_networkProtocol 
Win32_NTEventlogFile 
Win32_NTLogEvent 
Win32_NTLogEventComputer 
Win32_NTLogEventLog 
Win32_NTLogEventUser 
Win32_ODBCAttribute 
Win32_ODBCDataSourceAttribute 
Win32_ODBCDataSourceSpecification 
Win32_ODBCDriverAttribute 
Win32_ODBCDriverSoftwareElement 
Win32_ODBCDriverSpecification 
Win32_ODBCSourceAttribute 
Win32_ODBCTranslatorSpecification 
Win32_OnBoardDevice 
Win32_OperatingSystem 
Win32_OperatingSystemQFE 
Win32_OSRecoveryConfiguration 
Win32_PageFile 
Win32_PageFileElementSetting 
Win32_PageFileSetting 
Win32_PageFileUsage 
Win32_ParallelPort 
Win32_Patch 
Win32_PatchFile 
Win32_PatchPackage 
Win32_PCMCIAController 
Win32_Perf 
Win32_PerfRawData 
Win32_PerfRawData_ASP_ActiveServerPages 
Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_114322_ASPnetAppsv114322 
Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_114322_ASPnetv114322 
Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_ASPnet 
Win32_PerfRawData_ASPnet_ASPnetApplications 
Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAccountingClients 
Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAccountingServer 
Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAuthenticationClients 
Win32_PerfRawData_IAS_IASAuthenticationServer 
Win32_PerfRawData_InetInfo_InternetInformationServicesGlobal 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSDTC_DistributedTransactionCoordinator 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSFTPSVC_FTPService 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerAccessMethods 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBackupDevice 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBufferManager 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerBufferPartition 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerCacheManager 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerDatabases 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerGeneralStatistics 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerLatches 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerLocks 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerMemoryManager 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationAgents 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationDist 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationLogreader 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationMerge 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerReplicationSnapshot 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerSQLStatistics 
Win32_PerfRawData_MSSQLSERVER_SQLServerUserSettable 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRExceptions 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRInterop 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRJit 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRLoading 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRLocksAndThreads 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRMemory 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRRemoting 
Win32_PerfRawData_netFramework_netCLRSecurity 
Win32_PerfRawData_Outlook_Outlook 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfDisk_PhysicalDisk 
Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Browser 
Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Redirector 
Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_Server 
Win32_PerfRawData_Perfnet_ServerWorkQueues 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Cache 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Memory 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Objects 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_PagingFile 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_Processor 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfOS_System 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_FullImage_Costly 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Image_Costly 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_JobObject 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_JobObjectDetails 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Process 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_ProcessAddressSpace_Costly 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_Thread 
Win32_PerfRawData_PerfProc_ThreadDetails_Costly 
Win32_PerfRawData_RemoteAccess_RASPort 
Win32_PerfRawData_RemoteAccess_RASTotal 
Win32_PerfRawData_RSVP_ACSPerRSVPService 
Win32_PerfRawData_Spooler_PrintQueue 
Win32_PerfRawData_TapiSrv_Telephony 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_ICMP 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_IP 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_NBTConnection 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_networkInterface 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_TCP 
Win32_PerfRawData_Tcpip_UDP 
Win32_PerfRawData_W3SVC_WebService 
Win32_PhysicalMedia 
Win32_PhysicalMemory 
Win32_PhysicalMemoryArray 
Win32_PhysicalMemoryLocation 
Win32_PNPAllocatedResource 
Win32_PnPDevice 
Win32_PnPEntity 
Win32_PointingDevice 
Win32_PortableBattery 
Win32_PortConnector 
Win32_PortResource 
Win32_POTSModem 
Win32_POTSModemToSerialPort 
Win32_PowerManagementEvent 
Win32_Printer 
Win32_PrinterConfiguration 
Win32_PrinterController 
Win32_PrinterDriverDll 
Win32_PrinterSetting 
Win32_PrinterShare 
Win32_PrintJob 
Win32_PrivilegesStatus 
Win32_Process 
Win32_Processor 
Win32_ProcessStartup 
Win32_Product 
Win32_ProductCheck 
Win32_ProductResource 
Win32_ProductSoftwareFeatures 
Win32_ProgIDSpecification 
Win32_ProgramGroup 
Win32_ProgramGroupContents 
Win32_ProgramGroupOrItem 
Win32_Property 
Win32_ProtocolBinding 
Win32_PublishComponentAction 
Win32_QuickFixEngineering 
Win32_Refrigeration 
Win32_Registry 
Win32_RegistryAction 
Win32_RemoveFileAction 
Win32_RemoveIniAction 
Win32_ReserveCost 
Win32_ScheduledJob 
Win32_SCSIController 
Win32_SCSIControllerDevice 
Win32_SecurityDescriptor 
Win32_SecuritySetting 
Win32_SecuritySettingAccess 
Win32_SecuritySettingAuditing 
Win32_SecuritySettingGroup 
Win32_SecuritySettingOfLogicalFile 
Win32_SecuritySettingOfLogicalShare 
Win32_SecuritySettingOfObject 
Win32_SecuritySettingOwner 
Win32_SelfRegModuleAction 
Win32_SerialPort 
Win32_SerialPortConfiguration 
Win32_SerialPortSetting 
Win32_Service 
Win32_ServiceControl 
Win32_ServiceSpecification 
Win32_ServiceSpecificationService 
Win32_SettingCheck 
Win32_Share 
Win32_ShareToDirectory 
Win32_ShortcutAction 
Win32_ShortcutFile 
Win32_ShortcutSAP 
Win32_SID 
Win32_SMBIOSMemory 
Win32_SoftwareElement 
Win32_SoftwareElementAction 
Win32_SoftwareElementCheck 
Win32_SoftwareElementCondition 
Win32_SoftwareElementResource 
Win32_SoftwareFeature 
Win32_SoftwareFeatureAction 
Win32_SoftwareFeatureCheck 
Win32_SoftwareFeatureParent 
Win32_SoftwareFeatureSoftwareElements 
Win32_SoundDevice 
Win32_StartupCommand 
Win32_SubDirectory 
Win32_SystemAccount 
Win32_SystemBIOS 
Win32_SystemBootConfiguration 
Win32_SystemDesktop 
Win32_SystemDevices 
Win32_SystemDriver 
Win32_SystemDriverPNPEntity 
Win32_SystemEnclosure 
Win32_SystemLoadOrderGroups 
Win32_SystemLogicalMemoryConfiguration 
Win32_SystemMemoryResource 
Win32_SystemnetworkConnections 
Win32_SystemOperatingSystem 
Win32_SystemPartitions 
Win32_SystemProcesses 
Win32_SystemProgramGroups 
Win32_SystemResources 
Win32_SystemServices 
Win32_SystemSetting 
Win32_SystemSlot 
Win32_SystemSystemDriver 
Win32_SystemTimeZone 
Win32_SystemUsers 
Win32_TapeDrive 
Win32_TemperatureProbe 
Win32_Thread 
Win32_TimeZone 
Win32_Trustee 
Win32_TypeLibraryAction 
Win32_UninterruptiblePowerSupply 
Win32_USBController 
Win32_USBControllerDevice 
Win32_UserAccount 
Win32_UserDesktop 
Win32_VideoConfiguration 
Win32_VideoController 
Win32_VideoSettings 
Win32_VoltageProbe 
Win32_WMIElementSetting 
Win32_WMISetting 

首先,调用ManagementObjectSearcher实例(在本文中的例子里为searcher )中的Get()方法,该方法将会把返回信息填在这个实例中。然后,你所要做的就是处理这个实例searcher中的数据。

foreach (ManagementObject share in searcher.Get()){// Some Codes ...} 

每个ManagementObject的对象中都有一些,我们所需要的数据,当然我们可以接着这么处理这些数据:

foreach (PropertyData PC in share.Properties){//some codes ...} 

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